Country Focus 2
Propaganda in the 21st Century

Propagandistic films have a long tradition in the history of cinema – from the first films in the Soviet Union to »Birth of a Nation« by D.W. Griffith in the United States. The function of propaganda film is to influence the audience ideologically. In official Iranian cinema, moral and religious principles are deeply ingrained: Women must wear headscarves and are not allowed in erotic scenes; kisses or hugs cannot be illustrated. Film is also used as political propaganda: films against the USA, Israel and Saudi- Arabia as well as films against students’, womens’, workers’ and liberals’ movements. The aesthetic of Iranian state propaganda in the 1980s and 1990s was strongly influenced by the Soviet Union and German Democratic Republic whereas the style has changed since the 2000s when Hollywood began to have a bigger impact on the visual style of Iranian film. The propaganda films of the 21st century can appear as national epics, religious films, comedies, satires, or music videos. In this screening, we will see propagandistic and religious films from 2014 and 2016, films that show us modern propaganda and that the real message is often tucked around the back.

(Kleiner Saal) FB Event Tickets
Volksbad Jena

ما مقاومت می کنیم / We Will Resist

film still ما مقاومت می کنیم / We Will Resist
Music Video, Iran,
direction
Soureh Film Club

»We Will Resist« is a video Clip about the crash of Iran Air Flight 655. The flight was an Iran Air passenger flight from Tehran to Dubai. On 3 July 1988, the aircraft operating on this route was shot down by the United States Navy.

تنهایی / Loneliness

film still تنهایی / Loneliness
Fiction, Iran,
direction
Sam Javadi

In 1936, Reza Shah Pahlavi, who at that time was the Shah of Iran, mandates the unveiling of all the women in Iran.

مثل یک بادکنک / Like a Balloon

film still مثل یک بادکنک / Like a Balloon
Fiction, Iran,
direction
Marjan Esmaeili

A balloon seller’s dilemma of choosing between two different costumers leads to a third solution.

قهرمان های الکی / Fake Heroes

film still قهرمان های الکی / Fake Heroes
Music Video, Iran,
direction
Raah Production

There are many things that go on the United States own account – a music video against US hegemony and its presidents.

المک / The Gas Pipe

film still المک / The Gas Pipe
Fiction, Iran,
direction
ORAM Organisation

Eine falsch angebrachte Gasleitung in der Straße verursacht eine Reihe von Vorfällen und jeder hat eine andere Art damit umzugehen. Aber, nichts funktioniert, bis ein Mullah (ein islamischer Gelehrter) mit der Lösung daherkommt.

نجس / The Unclean

film still نجس / The Unclean
Fiction, Iran,
direction
Bahram Ark

While driving during a dark night, a muslim man hits a dog badly. His kind heart can't leave the dog just there, so he takes it home with him. Since dogs are considered unclean in Islam he faces disagreement with his family.

ولد / Newborn

film still ولد / Newborn
Fiction, Iran, Palestine,
direction
Hossein Doris

In a small hospital in Gaza where buildings are destroyed by bombs, a baby is born.

ارغوان / Name of a Flower

film still ارغوان / Name of a Flower
Fiction, Iran,
direction
Soureh Film Club

The children of Iranian revolutionary guards sing a song for their fathers and against ISIS. They keep quiet about supporting the Assad regime.

سگ جون / Die Hard

film still سگ جون / Die Hard
Fiction, Iran,
direction
Omid Abdiparvar

A pregnant athlete has to decide if she wants to have an abortion to continue her sports career – or if she wants to keep the baby.

مرد و بچه / The Man and the Child

film still مرد و بچه / The Man and the Child
Fiction, Iran,
direction
Mohamadreza Kheradmandan

A man sits in a park, eating nuts, dropping nutshells to the ground. A child knows he is showing bad manners – a tale about the misbehaviour of people.